OFI mobilizes knowledge by sharing the results of our research through contributions in journals, books, papers and other scientific publications.

Global Carbon Cycling on a Heterogeneous Seafloor

Diverse biological communities mediate the transformation, transport, and storage of elements fundamental to life on Earth, including carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. However, global biogeochemical model outcomes can vary by orders of magnitude, compromising capacity to project realistic ecosystem responses to planetary changes, including ocean productivity and climate.

Carbon-Cycling-graphic.jpg#asset:334In this report, researchers — including OFI's Paul Snelgrove — compare global carbon turnover rates estimated using models grounded in biological versus geochemical theory and argue the turnover estimates based on each perspective yield divergent outcomes. Importantly, empirical studies that include sedimentary biological activity vary less than those that ignore it. Improving the relevance of model projections and reducing uncertainty associated with the anticipated consequences of global change requires reconciliation of these perspectives, enabling better societal decisions on mitigation and adaptation.

Read the full report, published in Trends in Ecology & Evolution.

Learn more about the work of Paul Snelgrove ...

Taking the Pulse and Temperature of the North Atlantic Ocean

Observation is fundamental to understanding the ocean and forecasting its future and improving ocean health and promoting sustainable management. The Journal of Ocean Technology 2017 has published The GO-SHIP A02 Survey written by Evin McGovern, Caroline Cusack, Peter Croot, and OFI researcher and Dalhousie University professor, Doug Wallace.

The full report can be found here ...

Additional information 

Taking the Ocean’s Pulse: A Vision for the Canadian Biogeochemical Argo Program (2017)

By Katja Fennel, Blair Greenan and participants of the Canadian BGC Argo Workshop

About this paper: The ocean’s biogeochemical properties are changing rapidly with profound impacts on ecosystems and climate. In January 2017, a group of scientists from the Canadian federal government and universities gathered to discuss opportunities for Canada that arise from the international BGC-Argo initiative.


  1. Actively strive to maintain and enhance Canada's position as an international leader in ocean observation through strong participation in the global BGC-Argo program.
  2. Enhance Canadian scientific capacity in biogeochemical modelling and prediction in order to capitalize fully on the potential of BGC-Argo.
  3. For Canada to reap maximum scientific and societal benefit from BGC-Argo, ample training opportunities for young scientists should be provided, which would also help ensure “eyes are on the data” at all times.
  4. Ensure free and near real-time access to the emerging data streams through properly resourcing data management.
  5. Form a national BGC-Argo steering committee to facilitate communication within the Canadian user community.

The full report is available here …