Improving Sustainability & Mitigating the Challenges of Aquaculture

By studying the effects of infectious diseases and developing effective treatments, by producing novel and sustainable fish diets, by improving environmental sustainability, and by determining the effects of climate change on fish health, this research will improve the resilience and global competitiveness of the Canadian aquaculture industry.

About the research

The goal of aquaculture in the marine environment is to add farmed animals to a natural ecosystem, while maintaining ecosystem health. To achieve this, management of aquaculture requires sustainable practices that are effective in a dynamic and challenging ocean environment where water quality, climate effects and the risk of disease are not completely controlled.

In this program, researchers will work with industry partners to improve practices and examine fish health and resiliency. New approaches to enhance productivity will also be developed.

This research is divided into five components, which aim to:

  1. Develop sustainable and therapeutic diets for Atlantic salmon, including plant-based sources of feed that will enable the industry to reduce its reliance on fish meal and oil.
  2. Understand and mitigate the effects of pathogens and climate change on fish health. This research will examine the capacity of Atlantic salmon to tolerate low oxygen and higher than normal temperatures, and to identify how their physiology, immunology and disease resistance are affected.
  3. Develop sustainable control measures for pathogens of cultured fishes. This research includes the development of efficient and sustainable methods to control parasites and pathogens.
  4. Lessen the impact of aquaculture on the environment and on wild fish populations. Key aspects to be investigated include aquaculture escapes, the response of wild fish communities to cage sites, impacts of aquaculture on the seafloor ecosystem, and waste management/bioprocessing (primarily shell and fish carcasses).
  5. Identify alternative aquaculture species to diversify Canada’s already strong aquaculture industry. This research will initially examine two candidate species that have been identified as having significant market potential: sablefish and sea cucumber.

The impact

Losses to the global aquaculture industry due to infectious diseases are estimated by the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization at approximately US$6 billion annually. This research will help improve the productivity and global competitiveness of Canada’s aquaculture industry, particularly the production of Atlantic salmon, Canada’s main aquaculture species.

The research team

The overall module is led by Matthew Rise of Memorial University of Newfoundland. The leads of the five components of this module are:

  • Matthew Rise (lead of component 1)
  • Kurt Gamperl of Memorial University of Newfoundland (lead of components 2 and 5)
  • Javier Santander of Memorial University of Newfoundland and Mark Fast of University of Prince Edward Island (co-leads of component 3)
  • Ian Fleming of Memorial University of Newfoundland (lead of component 4).

Other collaborators include:

  • Christopher Parrish, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 1)
  • Stefanie Colombo, Dalhousie University (component 1)
  • Jillian Westcott, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 3)
  • Danny Boyce, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 3)
  • Mark Abrahams, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Suzanne Dufour, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Deepika Dave, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Kelly Hawboldt, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Annie Mercier, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 5)

Government & institutional partners:

  • Department of Fisheries and Oceans
  • National Research Council
  • University of Waterloo
  • University of Guelph
  • Alfred Wagner Institute of Germany
  • LabexMER of France
  • Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC of Spain
  • HIOA of Norway 

Industry partners:

  • EWOS Canada
  • Cargill Innovation
  • EWOS Chile
  • Cooke Aquaculture
  • Center for Aquaculture Technologies Canada
  • Elanco Canada Ltd.
  • Golden Eagle Sable Fish
  • Icey Waters Arctic Charr
  • Acadian Sturgeon and Caviar Inc.
  • Newfoundland Cod Broodstock Company