The Ocean Frontier Institute is focused on understanding key aspects of ocean and ecosystem change and developing strategic and effective solutions that can be applied both locally and globally. OFI’s aim is to conduct research that advances policy decisions and advances the development of a blue — and sustainable — economy. 

The Northwest Atlantic Biological Carbon Pump

Without the ocean's biological carbon pump, carbon dioxide concentrations would be nearly double the amount in the atmosphere today and Earth’s climate would be radically different. Currently, we do not have measurements or models to reliably predict how these processes will change as the climate warms.

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Cooperative Model Framework for the Northwest Atlantic and Canadian Arctic Gateway

This research will develop a multi-scale computer model framework of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean and Canadian Arctic Gateway, allowing scientists to reconstruct the physical, biological, geological and chemical aspects of the ocean.

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Dynamic response of microbial communities to change

This research will take stock of the types and activities of phytoplankton and other microbes that live in the Northwest Atlantic and the Canadian Arctic Gateway.

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Ecosystem Indicators for a Changing Ocean

By consolidating socio-economic and human indicators of change with related indicators and drivers of change in ecosystem processes into a single framework, this study will inform and guide management strategies in ocean use and intervention that consider ocean status and human needs.

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Future-proofing Marine Protected Area Networks

Marine Protected Area Networks and other tools for managing ocean use are important strategies for effective ocean governance. Accounting for climate change through flexible assessment, management and governance tools can help ensure successful long-term outcomes.

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Improving Sustainability & Mitigating the Challenges of Aquaculture

​Aquaculture — the farming of fish, shellfish and seaweeds — is a key industry on Canada’s east and west coasts that is critical to the global food supply given the increasing demand for seafood and the plateau in capture fisheries.

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